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December 22, 2023

8 Real Estate Investment Strategies for Beginners

10 Real Estate Investment Strategies for Beginners

Real estate investment strategies are diverse paths to consider when entering the world of property. When contemplating your role in this domain, ask yourself: Are you diving headfirst into hands-on management, or do you prefer a more relaxed investor stance? Your choice sets the groundwork for your approach and financial direction.

Passive vs active real estate Investments

When you’re stepping into real estate, think about your role. Are you diving in deep, hands-on, or taking it easy as an investor? Your choice shapes how you plan and where you put your money.

Being active means you’re fully in it. You buy properties and run the show, like a landlord. It gives you control but also loads you up with responsibilities.

On the flip side, going passive means kicking back a bit. You invest money and let others handle the property work.

This could mean joining in crowdfunding or investing in companies dealing with properties or real estate loans.

Deciding between hands-on or hands-off in real estate sets the tone for your strategies, whether you’re new or seasoned. It guides your path through the different real estate tactics, no matter your experience level.

8 Types Of Real Estate Investment Strategies

Buy and rent

The “buy and rent” strategy in real estate investment involves purchasing properties with the intent to lease them out for rental income.

This strategy demands initial capital for property acquisition, maintenance, and contingency planning against vacancies or non-payment of rent.

It provides investors with a steady income stream through monthly rent payments, potential long-term appreciation of property values, and various tax benefits.

However, it requires active management, involving tenant selection, property maintenance, and addressing potential market fluctuations.

Buy and rent

Buy and rent

Pros:

  • Steady income: Monthly rent payments offer a consistent source of income.
  • Appreciation potential: Properties may increase in value over time, yielding profitable sales.
  • Tax advantages: Investors can benefit from depreciation and mortgage interest deductions.
  • Control: Investors have significant control over their investment, from tenant selection to property improvements.
  • Inflation hedge: Real estate serves as a hedge against inflation, with rising rental income and property values countering inflationary effects.

Cons:

  • High initial capital: Significant upfront investment is required for down payments, closing costs, and ongoing maintenance.
  • Vacancy risk: Vacancies can lead to a lack of rental income, requiring the investor to cover expenses.
  • Management intensity: Managing rental properties can be time-consuming and may reduce overall profitability.
  • Market volatility: Real estate values are susceptible to market fluctuations and economic factors.
  • Liability: Investors can be held liable for property-related damages or injuries, leading to potential legal and financial repercussions.

Buy and hold

The “Buy and Hold” plan involves buying properties for the long haul. This means getting properties that might be undervalued, fixing them up if needed, renting them out, and possibly reinvesting profits without paying immediate taxes using the 1031 exchange rule.

It’s about making money by getting regular rental income and hoping the property value goes up, all while spreading out investment risks.

Buy and hold

Buy and hold

Pros:

  • Regular income: Rent payments give you money regularly.
  • Tax breaks: You can lower what you owe in taxes with deductions.
  • Maybe more money later: As time goes on, the property might be worth more, which can mean selling it for a good profit or having more value in it.
  • Safer investments: It helps lower risks by spreading out your money in different places.

Cons:

  • Lots to manage: You’ll have to handle tenants and take care of the property.
  • Values can change: The property’s worth can go up or down because of how the market is doing.
  • Not easy to get cash fast: It’s harder to get money quickly because selling property takes time.
  • Need a lot upfront: You’ll need a good chunk of money at the start to buy and manage the property.

BRRRR (Buy, Rehab, Rent, Refinance, Repeat)

Imagine a method where you take worn-out homes, fix them up to be worth more, rent them out, get your money back by refinancing, and then use that money to buy more homes.

That’s the BRRRR strategy—a way to keep growing your real estate collection by recycling the value you create in each property.

It’s like a cycle of fixing, renting, and reinvesting that keeps your money working for you in the real estate market.

BRRRR (Buy, Rehab, Rent, Refinance, Repeat)

BRRRR (Buy, Rehab, Rent, Refinance, Repeat)

Pros:

  • More valuable properties: Fixing up places can make them worth more, so you gain equity.
  • Rental money: Rent from these properties means you get regular cash coming in.
  • Grow faster: Using the money you’ve made to buy more properties helps you expand quickly.
  • Tax benefits: Sometimes, you can get tax breaks for fixing up properties, which can help you save money.

Cons:

  • Market changes: Property values might go up or down depending on the market.
  • Costly fixes: Renovating can be expensive, eating into your profits.
  • Challenges with refinancing: Not every property can be refinanced easily, affecting how much money you can get back.
  • Managing responsibilities: Taking care of tenants and properties can be a lot of work.

This strategy can help you grow your real estate investments fast, but it needs careful planning and money to handle renovations and property management.

REIG (Real Estate Investment Groups)

REIG, or Real Estate Investment Groups, brings together multiple investors who pool their funds to collectively purchase and manage properties. Each investor owns a share of the properties and benefits from rental income and potential appreciation without being solely responsible for property management.

REIG (Real Estate Investment Groups)

REIG (Real Estate Investment Groups)

Pros:

  • Low initial investment: Investors can participate in real estate with less upfront capital compared to purchasing properties individually.
  • Diversified portfolio: Through collective investment, participants spread their money across multiple properties, reducing risk.
  • Professional management: REIGs usually employ professional property managers, easing the burden of day-to-day management for investors.
  • Passive Investment: Investors can enjoy rental income and potential profits without actively managing properties.
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Cons:

  • Limited control: Investors have a limited say in individual property decisions as these are typically made by the REIG’s management team.
  • Lack of liquidity: Selling shares in REIGs can be challenging, resulting in less flexibility to cash out quickly.
  • Fees and expenses: Participation often incurs fees for management and administrative costs, affecting overall returns.
  • Limited transparency: Investors might have limited visibility into the specifics of property selection and management decisions.

REIGs offer an accessible entry point into real estate investing with shared benefits and responsibilities, but investors should consider potential limitations in control, liquidity, and transparency before joining.

REITs operate like investment companies that focus on income-generating real estate ventures.

They function akin to mutual funds but for real estate, allowing investors to own shares in various property portfolios. These companies are required to distribute a significant portion of their earnings, about 90%, to shareholders as dividends.

Investing in REITs provides an opportunity to tap into professionally managed real estate assets without the hassle of managing properties directly.

They’re traded on public stock exchanges, offering a convenient way to invest in real estate without the complexities of property ownership.

Real Estate Investment Trusts

Real Estate Investment Trusts

Pros:

  • Professional management: Access to well-managed real estate assets without the burdens of individual property management.
  • Ease of trading: Shares can be easily bought or sold on public stock exchanges, providing liquidity.
  • Passive investment: Investors can earn income without actively overseeing property operations.

Cons:

  • Limited control: Shareholders have little control over the decisions made by REIT management regarding property transactions.
  • Costs: Participation often involves fees and expenses that can impact overall returns.
  • Transparency: Investors might not have complete visibility into specific property decisions made by the REIT management.
  • Market dependency: REITs are affected by market fluctuations, influencing share prices based on real estate market performance.

While REITs offer a convenient way to invest in real estate with the benefits of professional management and liquidity, investors should consider the trade-offs in control, transparency, and susceptibility to market changes.

Crowdfunding

This strategy allows individuals to participate in real estate ventures with lower minimum investment amounts, offering diversified opportunities across various properties. It provides investors with an avenue for passive income while granting access to detailed information about the properties they’re investing in.

Crowdfunding

Crowdfunding

Pros:

  • Lower minimum investments: Individuals can invest smaller amounts in real estate projects that were previously inaccessible due to higher entry costs.
  • Diversified opportunities: Investors can spread their money across multiple properties, reducing risk by not putting all their eggs in one basket.
  • Passive income: Crowdfunding allows for income generation without actively managing properties.
  • Detailed Property Information: Investors have access to comprehensive property details, aiding informed investment decisions.

Cons:

  • Platform fees: Crowdfunding platforms typically charge fees, which can reduce overall returns on investments.
  • Market volatility: Changes in the real estate market can affect property values, impacting investment returns.
  • Potential illiquidity: Investments in real estate through crowdfunding might lack easy liquidity, making it challenging to quickly convert investments into cash.

Crowdfunding real estate investments offers a chance for individuals to participate in the real estate market with lower entry barriers and access to diversified opportunities.

However, investors should be aware of potential fees, market risks, and the potential for investments to be less liquid compared to other investment options.

Wholesaling

Wholesaling in real estate is a low-risk real estate investment strategy. Instead of buying properties, you find great deals on homes, lock them in with a contract, and then sell these contracts to other buyers who want the property for a bit more money. It’s about spotting good deals, getting contracts, and passing them on quickly for a profit.

Wholesaling

Wholesaling

Pros:

  • Low Start-up costs: You don’t need much money upfront to get into this, which makes it accessible to more people.
  • Quick profits: If things go well, you can make money fast because deals move swiftly.
  • Less risk: You don’t buy the property, so your financial risk is lower.
  • Connections: Doing this kind of work helps you meet lots of people in the real estate world, which can lead to more deals.

Cons:

  • Tough Competition: Many people are trying to do the same thing, making it a competitive field.
  • Know-how: Success here needs a good understanding of the local real estate scene.
  • Talking skills: Negotiating good deals with property owners is crucial.
  • Following rules: Making sure you’re following all the legal stuff can get tricky.

Wholesaling real estate can bring in quick cash without needing a lot of money to start, but it takes a good understanding of the market, negotiation skills, and careful attention to the legal side of things to do well.

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House hacking

House hacking means buying a place, living in a part of it, and renting out the rest to cover costs and make extra cash. It’s like having tenants while you live there too.

This way, you can save on your housing bills, earn more money, get some tax breaks, and maybe use it as a rental or sell it later for profit.

House hacking

House hacking

Pros:

  • Saving costs: Renting out space helps pay for your place, so you spend less on housing.
  • Extra money: Having tenants brings in more cash each month.
  • Tax help: There might be tax benefits you can use because you have renters.
  • Future choices: You could keep it as a rental or sell it later for a gain.

Cons:

  • Less privacy: Sharing your home means less personal space and privacy.
  • Responsibilities: You’ll have to handle tenant stuff like repairs and such.
  • Market changes: If property values go up or down, it could affect your plans.
  • Emotional connection: Living there can make decisions about tenants or selling tougher.

House hacking can be a smart way to save money and earn more, but it means taking on landlord duties, dealing with less privacy, and being ready for changes in the housing market while balancing personal attachments to the property.

Private lending

Private lending in real estate means individuals or groups loan money directly to property owners or developers without involving banks or traditional lenders. Investors act as lenders, providing funds for real estate projects and getting paid back with interest.

This method offers a way to earn regular money through interest while using the property as security for the loan.

Private lending

Private lending

Pros:

  • Regular income: Investors get a steady stream of interest payments, which can be reliable.
  • Safer loans: The loans are usually backed by the property, so if things go wrong, there’s collateral.
  • Control over deals: Investors can set the terms, like interest rates and what’s used as collateral.
  • Mix-up investments: It’s a chance to have different types of investments in your portfolio.

Cons:

  • High risk: There’s a bigger chance of not getting paid back compared to traditional lending.
  • Not easy to get cash quickly: It might be hard to turn your investments into cash fast.
  • Lots of checking: Investors need to do a lot of research to make sure they’re lending to reliable people.
  • Rules can change: Changes in laws or rules might affect how these deals work.

Private lending in real estate can offer a steady income and mix up your investments, but it needs careful checking of risks, understanding that your money might not be easy to get back quickly, and being aware of potential changes in rules.

How to select the best real estate investments?

Picking the right real estate investments means checking out the risks and potential gains of different options. This needs a lot of digging into info and studying it carefully.

Also, think about how much control you want. Do you want to be hands-off and let others handle things, or do you want to be right in there managing stuff yourself?

A good move is to mix it up in your real estate portfolio. That means having some investments where you’re hands-on and somewhere you’re more laid-back and having a mix of risky and safer options.

How to select the best real estate investments?

How to select the best real estate investments?

Understanding the possible risks and rewards

If you’re picking real estate investments, it’s key to understand the risks and rewards they bring. Do some serious digging into each option to see what you might gain and what you might lose.

Compare how much you could make versus how risky it is. The goal is to find a balance where the potential reward feels worth the risk you’re taking. This way, you can make investment choices that sit well with how comfortable you are with risk.

Comprehending your level of control

Think about how much control you want when you’re picking real estate investments. Do you want to be involved or more hands-off? If you prefer letting others handle things, go for a passive strategy.

That means you’re not in the thick of it day-to-day, letting someone else take the reins.

But if you want to be the one calling the shots, managing your investments directly might be your style. Your choice here matches up your investment plan with how much control feels comfortable for you.

Broaden your investment portfolio

When you’re picking real estate investments, don’t put all your eggs in one basket. It’s smart to mix things up, no matter if you like getting involved or prefer a hands-off approach.

To do this, mix in some investments where you’re doing the legwork and others where you’re more laid-back, and balance out riskier and safer options. It’s not just about playing it safe—it’s about making sure you have better chances to get more out of your investments.

Having a mix like this can help protect your investments while also giving you the potential for bigger gains in the long run.

Real estate isn’t a one-size-fits-all game. It’s about finding your groove and understanding the risks and rewards of different approaches. By mixing things up in your investment portfolio and balancing the potential gains with the risks involved, you pave the way for success. Ultimately, it’s about finding the right balance between control, diversity, and knowing the ins and outs of various investment options to make real estate work for you.

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Tom Tran

Tom Tran

Tom Tran is a seasoned entrepreneur and expert in real estate property management with a diverse background in business ventures. He is the Founder, Chairman, and Chief Executive Officer of Hexa Property Management, LLC, based in Houston, Texas.

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